Word Topic Definition
acrosome bisc333 a process at the anterior end of a sperm cell that produces enzymes to facilitate penetration of the egg www.cogsci.princeton.edu/cgi-bin/webwn
animal pole bisc333 The portion of an egg that is opposite the vegetal pole and that contains the nucleus and most of the cytoplasm. http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/animal%20pole
blastema bisc333 a mass of undifferentiated cells from which an organ or body part develops
blastula bisc333 early stage of an embryo produced by cleavage of an ovum; a liquid-filled sphere whose wall is composed of a single layer of cells; during this stage (about eight days after fertilization) implantation in the wall of the uterus occurs www.cogsci.princeton.edu/cgi-bin/webwn
cell-fate bisc333 the structure or tissue type that a cell is destined to become
cell-lineage bisc333 A genealogic pedigree of cells related through mitotic division.
chromatids bisc333 after chromosomes replicate, two chromatids are joined to each other at the centromere
cleavage bisc333 repeated divisions of a cell or ovum
dedifferentiate bisc333 lose specialization in form or function
differentiation bisc333 Differentiation, in embryology, is the process in embryonic development during which unspecialized cells or tissues become specialized for particular functions. Differentiation, in oncology, is the degree of similarity or difference of tumor cells to the structure of the organ from which the tumor arose. In plant physiology, this refers to the change of a relatively unspecialized cell to a more specialized cell. neurolab.jsc.nasa.gov/glosscd.htm
ectopic bisc333 Ectopic means out of place and is said of an organ which is not in its proper position, or of a pregnancy occurring elsewhere than in the cavity of the uterus. In cardiography, it denotes a heart beat that has its origin in some abnormal focus other than the sinoatrial node (the area of the heart where heart beats normally originate). neurolab.jsc.nasa.gov/glosseh.htm
egg chamber bisc333 need exact defn'
gametogenesis bisc333 The formation of haploid gametes to allow the productions of a new diploid individual
gastrula bisc333 double-walled stage of the embryo resulting from invagination of the blastula; the outer layer of cells is the ectoderm and the inner layer differentiates into the mesoderm and endoderm www.cogsci.princeton.edu/cgi-bin/webwn
germarium bisc333 the anterior, sausage-shaped portion of the insect ovariole. It is in the germarium that cystocyte divisions occur and the clusters of cystocytes become enveloped by follicle cells. http://www.biochem.northwestern.edu/holmgren/Glossary/Definitions/Def-G/germarium.html
germinal vesicle bisc333 the two layers of cells, the ectoblast and entoblast, which form respectively the outer covering and inner wall of the gastrula. A third layer of cells, the mesoblast, which is formed later and lies between these two, is sometimes included
homologues bisc333 every diploid organism has two copies of each chromosome (except the sex chromosomes). Each of these pairs are homologues
imaginal disc bisc333 One of a series of disc-shaped structures in a fruit fly embryo which are located symmetrically along either side of the body. The imaginal discs are present within the larva and eventually develop into the body parts of the adult fruit fly during the pupal stage. http://searchbox.hyperdictionary.com/dictionary/imaginal+disc
morula bisc333 a solid mass of blastomeres that forms when the zygote splits; develops into the blastula www.cogsci.princeton.edu/cgi-bin/webwn
non-equivalent cell division bisc333 a single cell divides to produce two daughter cells which now have different fates
oogenesis bisc333 The process of ovum formation in female animals.
oogonia bisc333 immature egg cells: have the potential to produce egg cells
oogonium bisc333 A female ancestral germ cell that divides several times to give rise to an oocyte that, in turn, develops into an ovum (an egg). http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=4642
ovariole bisc333 One of the tubes of which the ovaries of most insects are composed. http://www.hyperdictionary.com/dictionary/ovariole
parthenogenesis bisc333 Some fish, reptiles and insects are all female and reproduce by parthenogenesis- the offspring are all clones of the female
polar bodies bisc333 A small cell (which eventually disintegrates) that is the by-product of meiosis in female animals. One functional ovum and potentially three polar bodies result from meiosis of each primary oocyte. http://www.biochem.northwestern.edu/holmgren/Glossary/Definitions/Def-P/polar_body.html
spermatogenesis bisc333 development of spermatozoa
Sry gene bisc333 The Y chromosome has a gene called Sry (sex-determining region on the Y)
syncytial blastoderm bisc333 An insect embryo in which all the cleavage nuclei are contained within a common cytoplasm http://www.biochem.northwestern.edu/holmgren/Glossary/Definitions/Def-S/syncytial_blastoderm.html
syncytium bisc333 a mass of cytoplasm containing several nuclei and enclosed in a membrane but no internal cell boundaries (as in muscle fibers) http://searchbox.hyperdictionary.com/searchbox.aspx?define=Syncytium
syngamy bisc333 sexual reproduction by union of gametes
totipotent bisc333 having unlimited capability. Totipotent cells have the capacity to specialize into extraembryonic membranes and tissues, the embryo, and all postembryonic tissues and organs.
vegetal pole bisc333 the point on the surface of an egg that is diametrically opposite to the animal pole and usu. marks the center of the protoplasm containing more yolk, dividing more slowly and into larger blastomeres than that about the animal pole, and giving rise to the hypoblast of the embryo . http://www.fasthealth.com/dictionary/v/vegetal_pole.php
vitellarium bisc333 A group of glands that secrete yolk around the egg in those invertebrates, such as worms, whose eggs do not contain yolk. http://www.bartleby.com/61/77/V0127750.html
zygote bisc333 The diploid product of the union of haploid gametes in conception; a fertilized egg. www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/science/biological_sciences/lab6/biolab6_gloss.html
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